Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case, Materialiensammlung der Unterstützer von Ethel und Julius Rosenberg, extrem selten!

original material, statements, press releases etc collected by the committee, New York, 1953, ca. 100 pages, extremely rare!

Zustand: 3 (Definition)

Preis: 390,00 €

Zusätzliche Informationen:

Julius Rosenberg (* 12. Mai 1918 in New York; † 19. Juni 1953 ebenda) war ein US-amerikanischer Elektrotechniker, seine Ehefrau Ethel Rosenberg (geborene Greenglass, * 28. September 1915 in New York; † 19. Juni 1953 ebenda) war als kaufmännische Angestellte tätig. Ihr Strafprozess erregte Anfang der 1950er-Jahre weltweites Aufsehen. Ihnen wurde als Zivilpersonen Rüstungsspionage für die Sowjetunion vorgeworfen. Spätere Aussagen und freigegebene Dokumente aus den Archiven der Sowjetunion deuten darauf hin, dass die Vorwürfe der Rüstungsspionage gegen Julius Rosenberg berechtigt waren[1], seine Spionage jedoch nicht maßgeblich zur Entwicklung der sowjetischen Atombombe beigetragen hatte.

Ethel Rosenberg war lediglich eine ideologisch treue Mitwisserin. Ihr Bruder David Greenglass belastete sie und seinen Schwager, um selbst einer schweren Strafe wegen seiner eigenen bedeutenden Spionagetätigkeit[3] für das sowjetische Atombombenprojekt zu entgehen. Trotz heftiger nationaler und internationaler Proteste, u. a. von Papst Pius XII., Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Fritz Lang, Bertolt Brecht und Frida Kahlo, wurden beide am 5. April 1951 zum Tode verurteilt und am 19. Juni 1953 im US-amerikanischen Staatsgefängnis Sing Sing in New York auf dem elektrischen Stuhl hingerichtet.


The trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg attracted huge attention from an international audience that found itself polarized over the trial and sentencing of two Americans accused of spying for the Soviet Union. The length of the Rosenberg affair, from its beginning as a news item in early March 1951 through the appeals leading up to the couple’s executions on June 19, 1953, allowed for much public discussion and debate about the legality and morality of the hearing and punishments that the Rosenbergs received.

The discord that emerged over the sentences led popular scientists such as Albert Einstein, Linus Pauling and Harold Urey to speak out alongside a broad spectrum of other cultural figures, including Jean-Paul Sartre and Frida Kahlo. Urey, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1934, was a particularly vocal supporter of both the Rosenbergs and Sobell, and he used his status as a major scientific figure to advance his argument.

In August 1951, one such publication, the National Guardian news periodical, published a seven-part series that examined, critically, the ruling handed down at the Rosenberg trial. This was the first paper to do so and the series prompted such a strong response from readers looking to act that it prompted, in October 1951, the formation of the National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case. William Rueben, author of the first article in the series, served as acting chairman of the group, and it was through this committee that Linus Pauling publicly voiced his support for the Rosenbergs and lent his name to the couple’s cause.  Over time, branches of the committee or other pro-Rosenberg action groups emerged all around the world, including Britain, France, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Germany, Ireland, Israel, and parts of Eastern Europe.

A primary tactic of the National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case was to circulate correspondence written by the Rosenbergs from death row to help garner support for their cause. These letters depicted the Rosenbergs as normal people who were trying to do what was best for their children’s future by securing peace and standing up for their beliefs. The letters dealt very little with the specific details of their case or the charges that were made against them. Instead, the releases emphasized the Rosenbergs’ hopes that their death sentences might be reevaluated in an environment devoid of the fear and hysteria that had surrounded them and their trial from the outset. The committee also released a series of pamphlets that encouraged the public to read about the case and to judge for themselves.

(source: The Pauling Blog)

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